Did you know that even with unusually low natural gas, oil and propane prices, you can still cut your bills by switching to a renewable heating source, and reduce your carbon emissions and contribute to a stronger local economy?
What are my options?
Wood. While burning firewood in a stove has been done for centuries, modern wood stoves have significantly reduced the amount of air pollution and can often heat a whole home--if it's been weatherized.
Wood pellets. Pellets are made from sawdust and low-quality trees, and, like wood, can be used to heat a whole house. There are many regionally-produced pellets. NYSERDA is currently offering a $1,500-2,500 rebate on pellet stoves for residences that are not served by natural gas. NYSERDA also has rebates for pellet boiler systems that cover between 45-65% of the total cost!
Heat pumps. These include air-source and ground-source heat pumps, also known as geothermal. Heat pumps, like air conditioners or refrigerators, use electricity to move heat from a cool space to a warm space, making the cool space cooler and the warm space warmer.
Air source heat pumps take heat from the outside air (even when it is cold outside). NYSERDA currently offers two different levels of incentives for air source heat pumps:
$500 incentive per outdoor unit to participating installers (who may pass it on to customers). This is great if you’re just installing a single unit.
$1,000/ton for systems that heat a whole home.
Ground-source heat pumps, also known as geothermal, remove heat from underground, and are more efficient than air source heat pumps. There are two significant incentives for geothermal heat pumps:
NYSERDA rebate of $1,500 per ton for geothermal technologies.
Federal tax credit of 30%, which decreases over time, and is set to expire at the end of 2021.
Heat pumps can be carbon neutral if paired with solar panels, or if you purchase green energy through your energy supplier. Read more about heat pumps here and about the 2018 HeatSmart program by clicking on the button below.
Make sure you weatherize your home before deciding on a new heating system. This will help you reduce your heat load, and help you determine the appropriate equipment to keep your home warm all winter long.
Rebates & Incentives
In addition to the incentives described above, there is a Federal Tax Credit for up to $300, which can be used for any of the heating systems described above.
Local banks may be able to finance equipment. Sometimes your monthly payment can be less than your monthly energy savings. Here are some local financing options.
How do I get Renewable Heat?
The local contractors provided below--all of whom have agreed to a set of good practice standards--can answer your questions and provide quotes for installation. Here is a draft guide [pdf] to help you work well with them:
Local Wood and Pellet Stove Installers
Ehrhart Energy* (pellet stoves & boilers) - (888) 523-7186
Holy Smoke (wood and pellet) - (607) 844-3766
Ithaca Stoveworks* (wood and pellet) - (607) 272-2650
Air- and Ground-Source Heat pumP Installers
Absolutely Specialized* (air-source) - (607) 227-7547
Halco Energy* - (800) 533-3367
NP Environmental* - (315) 841-8730
Snug Planet* (air-source) - (607) 391-2450
And don’t forget the energy efficiency contractors who can help you weatherize your home and figure out the appropriate capacity of the appliance to heat your home.
*Participate in NYSERDA’s rebate programs.
Which option is best for me?
Here are some considerations to help you decide.
After Tonya and Adam Engst’s propane heating system failed, they began a process that helped them power and warm their home--as well as power their car--using energy from the sun and the earth (geothermal). Now their home is virtually "Net-Zero"--generating all the energy it uses.
The Engst's weatherized their home, installed solar panels and installed ground-source heat pumps, aka a geothermal heating system, all in a summer.
The process to install their geothermal heating system began with weeks of prep work.
“When you put in a geothermal system,” Tonya said, “to get the very lovely state rebate we had to have a home energy analysis done. Snug Planet [a local contractor] came and found some flaws in the insulation situation.” Then workers from Halco, a local company, came every day to work on insulation and installing the heat pump system, from April to August, slogging through the early-spring slush. The process was harder, the Engsts said, because their house was not brand new. “They had to squish it into a house that wasn’t designed for it,” Tonya said.
Now, the house has radiant heat, which is a type of heating system where metal tubing heats water underneath the floor panels of a house, making it cozy and a delight for bare feet.
State rebates helped to offset the substantial cost of the project. “We’re going to get this huge rebate from the state—$26,000 we’re getting back in rebates,” said Adam. They are also getting 30% federal tax credit for the geothermal and the solar projects. Thanks to the New York state rebates, their geothermal system has a 12-15 year payoff, meaning it will take 12-15 years for them to save as much money with the system as it cost them to install it.
Utilizing solar energy to power their home had been in the Engsts' minds for years. In 2003, Tonya’s sister put a few solar panels on the roof of her house in downtown Ithaca, acting as an early example for the family. Additionally, they saw their neighbors successfully putting up solar panels and stayed in a solar powered resort while on vacation.
The Engsts had solar panels installed in mid-May, and between the months of May and August had generated over 9,000 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of energy and saved 6.3 tons of carbon dioxide. They estimate their solar panels will have about a 15-17 year payoff, taking into consideration the substantial state and federal rebates.
When the Engsts’ 1996 Subaru needed to be replaced, they bought a Nissan Leaf, which can be charged with energy from their solar panels. “It turns out to be more fun to drive a car for free,” said Adam.
Today, the Engsts are proud of the renewable energy work they’ve had done and are on track to generate all the power they need to power and heat their home and charge their car.
Though they are both happy with their renewable energy choice, the Engsts had slightly different motivations, according to Tonya. “I think Adam is more practical about energy and the environment, and sort of conservative about energy. I tend to take it a little more personally,” she said. “You grow up and find out all the things are wrong with the world. For me, [what we've done] feels just a little bit like reclaiming that lost innocence.”
(interview by Sarah Paez)
Questions & Resources
Check out our guide [pdf] for working with local pellet heat and heat pump installers.
Efficiency Maine has a nifty heating cost comparison calculator here.
Wood & Pellet Stoves
Cornell Cooperative Extension of Tompkins County has a number of resources related to heating with wood. Contact Guillermo Metz, Energy Team Leader, at firstname.lastname@example.org, or (607) 272-2292, ext 185.
BurnWise, an EPA.gov site, has a good FAQ section on wood and pellet stoves.
Alliance for Green Heat is another good source on heating with wood and pellets.
The Heat Smart Tompkins site has lots of resources on heat pumps.
Geothermalgenius.org has good resources on geothermal heating.
Are heat pumps cost-effective in Tompkins County? This 2017 study [pdf] from Taitem Engineering indicates that heat pump technology can be cheaper than propane or even natural gas!
Check out our page on local financing options.
HEAP (Home Energy Assistance Program)
HEAP is a free NYS program that helps low-income residents pay for heating costs through a series of benefits. The amount of the benefit depends on the heating fuel used, whether heating costs are included in rent, and other household characteristics.
In addition to the "regular" and "emergency" benefits, HEAP can also help tune, clean, repair and replace heating equipment, as well as provide an AC unit--all at no cost to the resident.
In Tompkins County, residents must apply through the Department of Social Services, 607 274-5264; residents over 60 may apply through the Office for the Aging, (607) 274-5482.